Renewable energy share in EU up to 18% according to Eurostat’s report
Eurostat’s statistics show that in 2018, the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption reached 18% in the EU. This is up from 17.5% in 2017 and more than double the 8.5% share in 2004, the first year for which the data is available.
The increase in the share of renewables is essential to reaching the EU climate and energy goals. According to Eurostat’s report, the EU’s target is to reach 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020, and at least 32% by 2030. Among the 28 EU Member States, 12 Member States have already reached a share equal to or above their national 2020 binding targets: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Croatia, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Cyprus, Finland and Sweden. Four Member States are close to meeting their targets (i.e. less than 1 percentage point (pp) away), nine are between 1 and 4 pp away, while three are 4 or more pp away from their targets.
In 2018, the share of renewable sources in gross final energy consumption increased in 21 of the 28 Member States compared with 2017, while remaining stable in one Member State and decreasing in six. Since 2004, it has significantly grown in all Member States.
Sweden had by far the highest share in 2018 with 54.6% of its energy coming from renewable sources. This is ahead of Finland (41.2%), Latvia (40.3%), Denmark (36.1%) and Austria (33.4%).
At the opposite end, the lowest proportion of renewables was registered in the Netherlands (7.4%). Low shares, less than 10%, were also recorded in Malta (8.0%), Luxembourg (9.1%) and Belgium (9.4%).
Each EU Member State has its own Europe 2020 target. The national targets consider the Member States’ different starting points, renewable energy potential and economic performance.
Romania is 0.1 pp away from its national 2020 objective. Hungary, Austria and Portugal are less than 1 pp away and Germany, Luxembourg and Malta around 2 pp away from their 2020 targets.
The Netherlands (6.6 pp), France (6.4 pp), Ireland (4.9 pp), the UK (4.0 pp) and Slovenia (3.9 pp) are the furthest away from their targets.